# After applying this correction, saturation height models are developed from core capillary pressure (Pc) data to calculate water saturation vs. depth, which is independent of logs. First step of the procedure is to model capillary pressure measurements using different methods, namely, Brooks-Corey, Lambda, Thomeer and Leverett-J functions.

The two best known methods to analyze MICP measurements and to estimate saturation height curves are Thomeer-and Leverett J functions. However, neither method has been satisfactorily upscaled until now. The popular J-function method usual starts with a classification of pore systems using the parameter.

Day 4 will cover show how to convert lab measured capillary pressure data to reservoir conditions to determine height above free water, seal capacity and initial water saturation. The use of the Thomeer method for the Arab D Reservoir at Ghawar is focused on three issues: (1) facies-dependent saturation-height modeling; (2) free-water level determination; and (3) facies-dependent recovery estimation. Capillary pressure (Pc) from special core analysis data can be an excellent method to build saturation height function. Good quality, controlled datasets ten saturation height models. Upscaling is difficult when desiring to honor and retain the information obtained from core descriptions, facies classifications and mercury injection Who use saturation-height function Geologist uses it to generate GIIP or OllP in his static model The result of static model is passed to Reservoir Engineer for the starting point of his dynamic modelling (history matching). Methods disclosed herein may create a saturation-height function by: quantitatively measuring microporosity, using techniques such as laser scanning confocal microscopy and/or MICP data; determining the distribution of facies and microporosity as a function of depth using techniques such as conventional openhole logs, core, borehole images, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) logs, and analysis of sequential core samples using confocal microscopy and/or MICP; and evaluating the effect of 2015-06-24 · In a manner similar to that described in the previous P c /S w section, height/saturation curves are often fitted to these resistivity-log-derived S w data to enable reservoir hydrocarbons-in-place volumes to be calculated.

Also, notice that the J function value where most of the saturation change occurs is close to the value of 0.49 for a bundle of identical capillary tubes. (The square root sign is missing in Figure 6.) Notice that the wetting phase saturation appears to plot the weight retained on each tray as a histogram as in Fig. 3.3. A histogram shows what percentage by weight of the grains fall within a particular size range. This type of presentation gives a good visual impression of the distribution of grains in the various size categories. In particular, it is easy to see how The saturation plateau as a function of local disorder for six contrasting kaolinites exposed to He + ion beam is shown in the inset of Fig. 4.4.The defect concentration at saturation increases with the local crystalline disorder of kaolinite, as estimated from structural Fe 3 + local probes (Gaite et al., 1997). Saturation modeling in a carbonate reservoir using capillary pressure based saturation height function: a case study of the Svk reservoir in the Y Field P. Q. Lian 0 X. Q. Tan 0 C. Y. Ma 0 R. Q. Feng 0 H. M. Gao 0 0 P. Q. Lian (&) X. Q. Tan C. Y. Ma R. Q. Feng H. M. Gao Sinopec Petroleum Exploration and Production Research Institute , Beijing , China Because of the complex pore structure and Saturation Height Function - Read online for free. Techlog Saturation Height Function Workflow Saturation-height function is used to predict the saturation in the reservoir for a given height above the free water level.

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## Applying different saturation height models “A saturation height model is an equation that represents the water saturation profile in a reservoir interval as a function of the fluid/rock properties and the distance above the Free Water Level (FWL) and is constructed from capillary pressure data” (Valentini et al. 2017).

Saturation Height Function In the oil and gas industry the description of the hydrocarbon volume is one of the key disciplines. The hydrocarbons initially in-place (HCIIP) are defined as: HCIIP = Gross Rock Volume x Net-to-Gross x Porosity x Hydrocarbon saturation The two best known methods to analyze MICP measurements and to estimate saturation height curves are Thomeer-and Leverett J functions. However, neither method has been satisfactorily upscaled until Summary: Saturation height function using the Thomeer model The saturation-height function using Flow Zone Index (FZI): •Breakthrough pressure, Pb = 6.4468*(FZI-0.7918) •Thomeer Shape factor, C = 0.3174*(FZI-0.1586) •Capillary Pressure from height above FWL (m) Pc = (Height above FWL x 62.42762 (ρ w –ρ g ) x 3.28084)/144 DOI: 10.2118/105139-MS Corpus ID: 140667487. Fully Upscaled Saturation-Height Functions for Reservoir Modeling based on Thomeer's Method for Analyzing Capillary Pressure Measurements 2016-01-19 · in which S Hg is the saturation of mercury.

### Saturation-Height Equations There are various practical techniques for correlating capillary pressure curves according to rock type for a heterogeneous formation and generating field wide saturation-height function that relates capillary pressure curves to porosity, permeability or rock type in general. The classic method is based on

In particular, it is easy to see how The saturation plateau as a function of local disorder for six contrasting kaolinites exposed to He + ion beam is shown in the inset of Fig. 4.4.The defect concentration at saturation increases with the local crystalline disorder of kaolinite, as estimated from structural Fe 3 + local probes (Gaite et al., 1997). Saturation modeling in a carbonate reservoir using capillary pressure based saturation height function: a case study of the Svk reservoir in the Y Field P. Q. Lian 0 X. Q. Tan 0 C. Y. Ma 0 R. Q. Feng 0 H. M. Gao 0 0 P. Q. Lian (&) X. Q. Tan C. Y. Ma R. Q. Feng H. M. Gao Sinopec Petroleum Exploration and Production Research Institute , Beijing , China Because of the complex pore structure and Saturation Height Function - Read online for free. Techlog Saturation Height Function Workflow Saturation-height function is used to predict the saturation in the reservoir for a given height above the free water level. The authors investigate performance of eight saturation-height methods (i.e., Leverett, Cap-Log, Modified Cap-Log, Johnson, Cuddy, Modified Cuddy, Skelt-Harrison, and Sodena methods) employed in the oil industry. saturation, and the permeability, which defines how easy it is to extract any hydrocarbons that are present.

Saturation-height functions in oil and gas reservoirs are determined using methods that include quantifying the microporosity of the subterranean formation; determining the distribution of facies
Selection of Saturation-Height Models - Leverett-J, Brooks-Corey, Lambda, Thomeer, Skjaeveland, Machine Learning & Neural Networks, Interpolation Saturation-Height Function Creation - Model Fitting, Individual Curve Correlation Method, All Curves Simultaneously Method, Problems with Parameter Selection, Recommended Initial Parameters for the
These functions calculates Sw based on one or more of the parameters like porosity, oil water contact, gas water contact, irreducible water saturation, height above contacts, etc. Saturation
Data Interpretation Thomeer Curve Fitting: Rock Typing • Thomeer model is extensively used to fit the Pc curves (hyperbolic function) for saturation height modelling and rock typing • Fitted curves are defined by the pore structure factor (G), threshold pressure (Pd) and the total interconnected pore volume (Sb∞) (Bulk Volume saturation
The residual oil saturation as a function of the initial oil saturation, f(S oi). This relationship can be determined experimentally.

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Saturation Data Interpretation Thomeer Curve Fitting: Rock Typing • Thomeer model is extensively used to fit the Pc curves (hyperbolic function) for saturation height modelling and rock typing • Fitted curves are defined by the pore structure factor (G), threshold pressure (Pd) and the total interconnected pore volume (Sb∞) (Bulk Volume saturation The residual oil saturation as a function of the initial oil saturation, f(S oi). This relationship can be determined experimentally. The S oi /S or relationship model includes Land’s type, Suzanne type (plateau type), and Linear correlation type. It needs to be determined by special core analysis (SCAL) data. iii ABSTRACT Permeability Prediction and Drainage Capillary Pressure Simulation in Sandstone Reservoirs.

Air Permeability as a Function of Three Pore-Network Parameters,
10.9.3 Other Approaches to Saturation-Height Functions.

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### Saturation-Height Function Creation - Model Fitting, Individual Curve Correlation Method, All Curves Simultaneously Method, Problems with Parameter Selection, Recommended Initial Parameters for the Solver, Sub-Groupings, Uncertainty Quantification. Unconventionals & CO2 Storage. Quality Control of Functions - Checking for “Good Behaviour”

Quality Control of Functions - Checking for “Good Behaviour” Saturation-Height Function Creation - Model Fitting, Individual Curve Correlation Method, All Curves Simultaneously Method, Problems with Parameter Selection, Recommended Initial Parameters for the Solver, Sub-Groupings, Uncertainty Quantification. Unconventionals & CO2 Storage.

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### Water saturation vs. height (SwH) functions are required to initialise a 3D static and dynamic reservoir model with the water and hydrocarbon volumes, to pick fluid.

Use interpolation or plot a detailed graph for better accuracy. Repeat this for each sample and its respective data table. This functions correlated data over several orders of magnitude change in permeability. Also, notice that the J function value where most of the saturation change occurs is close to the value of 0.49 for a bundle of identical capillary tubes. (The square root sign is missing in Figure 6.) Notice that the wetting phase saturation appears to plot the weight retained on each tray as a histogram as in Fig. 3.3. A histogram shows what percentage by weight of the grains fall within a particular size range. This type of presentation gives a good visual impression of the distribution of grains in the various size categories.

## Pore structure of carbonate reservoirs is complex and multimodal. In order to characterize the pore structure of complex carbonate, a modified multimodal Thomeer pore size distribution (PSD) function was developed, which was based on the multimodal Gaussian density function and three controlling parameters including peak position, peak height and full width at half maximum (FWHM).

Thomeer. Normalized. J- Function Techlog SHM module (Saturation Height Modeling) allows to build Thomeer function to obtain mathematical model of water saturation from capillary pressure.

2019-05-03 · Saturation Height Function kokokyi Uncategorized May 3, 2019 1 Minute Further to the presentation on “Saturation Height Function” (prepared by Mr Leong) which I posted previously, I would like to stress that Leverett-J method of generating SHF is one of the many methods used in the industry. Applying different saturation height models “A saturation height model is an equation that represents the water saturation profile in a reservoir interval as a function of the fluid/rock properties and the distance above the Free Water Level (FWL) and is constructed from capillary pressure data” (Valentini et al.